The pancreatic cancer is a disease in which the normal cells in the pancreas malfunction and start to grow uncontrollably. These cells can eventually interfere with proper functioning of the pancreas and spread to other parts of the body. Since it does not cause any specific symptoms early on its development, the pancreatic cancer may not be detected until it has metastasized beyond the pancreas to other areas of the body such as the lungs, liver or peritoneum.
Risk Factors of Pancreatic Cancer
- Obesity and diet
- Family history
- Chronic pancreatitis
The doctors often refer the pancreatic cancer as a silent disease since it does not cause any symptoms in the beginning. Some of the symptoms starts showing as the cancer grows:
- Pain in the upper abdomen or upper back
- Yellow skin and eyes, itching, darkening of the urine and clay colored stool that are signs of obstructive jaundice may occur during the early stage of pancreatic cancer
- Floating stools with a particularly bad odor due to malabsorption of fats
- Loss of appetite
- Burning feeling in stomach or other gastrointestinal discomforts
- Weight loss with no known explanation
- Nausea and vomiting
Some people with pancreatic cancer may experience these symptoms and in some cases, the cancer does not show any of these symptoms.
The doctors use many test to diagnose pancreatic cancer and determine whether it has metastasized. Your doctor will consider these factors when choosing diagnostic tests such as type of cancer, age and medical condition, previous test results, severity of symptoms. If he/she suspects a person has a pancreatic cancer, then they will ask about your medical history to examine you to look for the signs of the disease. The most common procedures used to diagnose the pancreatic cancer include laboratory tests, physical examination, ultrasound including the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), a trans abdominal ultrasound, positron emission tomography or (PET Scan), computed tomography (CT) scan, percutaneous transphephatic cholangiography (PTC), biopsy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
Pancreatic Cancer Surgery Hospital in India
The pancreatic cancer surgery hospital in India is world class with state of the art infrastructure, highly skilled doctors and surgeons, latest technology and modern equipment. The pancreatic surgery involves removing all or part of the pancreas depending on the location and size of cancer within the pancreas. If the cancer is confined to the pancreas head or widest part then the surgeon will perform a Whipple procedure at the pancreatic cancer surgery hospital in India.
Another surgical procedure is the distal pancreatectomy in which the surgeon removes the tail and body of the pancreas and the spleen. The surgeon will remove the entire pancreas or portion of the stomach, part of small intestine, nearby lymph nodes, the gallbladder and common bile duct during the total pancreatectomy at pancreatic cancer surgery hospital in India.
In certain cases, before one of the above major operations the surgeon will choose to start with a laparoscopy involving several small holes made in the abdomen when the patient is under anesthesia. A camera will be passed allowing the surgeon to examine whether the cancer has spread to other areas within the abdominal cavity thereby undertaking the full operation for removing the primary tumor as it would not be warranted.
The surgery may be combined with chemotherapy, radiation therapy or both either before or after. This will be done to try to decrease the chances cancer returning or increasing the risk of resection. However the role of giving the radiation therapy post surgery remains controversial since when used frequently for individuals having high risk of cancer coming back in the surgical bed.
The pancreatic cancer surgery hospital in India offers excellent medical services, treatment and care for the international patients which suit their budget. This surgery is performed considering the size of the cancer and its location within the pancreas. IndianMedguru Consultants will assist the global patients seeking low cost pancreatic cancer surgery hospital in India with their medical visas, arrangements for food, travel, stay, doctor’s appointment, etc. during their medical trip to India.